Vaccinating your pets is crucial for their health and well-being, as it helps prevent potentially life-threatening diseases, protects against zoonotic diseases that can be transmitted to humans, and is a cost-effective measure compared to treating the illnesses vaccines prevent.
Canine Vaccination Recommendations
The core vaccines commonly recommended for dogs include:
Canine distemper virus (CDV) vaccine: This vaccine protects against a highly contagious and potentially fatal viral disease that affects multiple body systems.
Canine parvovirus (CPV) vaccine: This vaccine protects against a highly contagious and severe viral infection that primarily affects the gastrointestinal tract.
Canine adenovirus (CAV) vaccine: This vaccine provides protection against infectious canine hepatitis, which is caused by canine adenovirus type 1 (CAV-1). It also provides cross-protection against canine adenovirus type 2 (CAV-2), which is associated with respiratory infections.
Rabies vaccine: Rabies vaccination is required by law in most regions, including South Louisiana. Rabies is a viral disease that affects the nervous system and is fatal. Vaccinating dogs against rabies helps protect them and prevent the spread of the disease to humans.
Canine parainfluenza virus (CPiV): This virus is one of the causes of infectious tracheobronchitis, commonly known as kennel cough. It is often recommended for dogs that are regularly exposed to other dogs in boarding facilities, dog parks, or other group settings.
Bordetella bronchiseptica: This bacterium is another common cause of kennel cough. Vaccination against Bordetella is often required or recommended for dogs that spend time in boarding facilities, participate in dog shows, or have close contact with other dogs.
Leptospirosis: This bacterial disease can be transmitted to dogs and humans through contaminated water or contact with infected animals. Vaccination against Leptospirosis may be recommended, particularly in areas where the disease is prevalent or in dogs with higher exposure risks.
It's important to consult with your veterinarian to get specific recommendations tailored to your dog's needs and the prevailing disease risks in the region.
Feline Vaccination Recommendations
The American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) provides guidelines through their Feline Vaccination Advisory Panel. They released their latest vaccination guidelines in 2020. The AAFP guidelines place vaccines into core, non-core, and not generally recommended categories.
The core vaccines recommended by AAFP include:
Feline panleukopenia (FPV) vaccine.
Feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1) vaccine (a cause of viral rhinotracheitis).
Feline calicivirus (FCV) vaccine.
Non-core vaccines, recommended based on individual cat risk assessment, may include vaccines for feline leukemia virus (FeLV), and Chlamydophila felis.
It's important to note that recommendations may vary depending on the individual cat's age, lifestyle, health status, and geographic location. To ensure the most accurate and up-to-date information, schedule your cat's annual visit with your veterinarian.
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